In the Upper School, students take at least two years of history: World Civilizations (freshman year) and two semesters of American History (junior year). In addition, the Department offers a yearlong elective in Modern European History for sophomores, as well as a wide array of semester- long junior and senior electives. Upper School coursework builds carefully upon the Middle School foundation and sharpens students’ reading, writing, and research skills. Students learn to analyze primary sources with increasing sophistication at each grade level; reliance upon textbooks is minimal. In every course, students are encouraged to draw their own conclusions and to formulate original arguments. Upper School history courses also emphasize research papers; seminar-style, student-led discussions; and the use of new technologies, including online discussions.

Junior-Senior Electives