Spanish

Taking advantage of the benefits of early language instruction, Lower School students study Spanish in Grades 2 through 5. The Lower School Spanish teacher and members of the 2-3 and 4-5 teams collaborate to design curricula integrated with other disciplines in the Lower School program. In addition, Early Childhood, Kindergarten, and Grade 1 students are exposed to the language through song and movement. This foundation helps to prepare children for daily Spanish lessons in Grade 2.

Goals for the Grades 2 through 5 Spanish programs include the development of language skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing as well as knowledge of cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. Instruction occurs in the regular classroom setting, emphasizing ongoing topics of study, communicative interactions, and specific cultural themes. Activities include songs and chants, role-playing and skits, games, reading, arts and crafts, and the use of props and culturally authentic materials. Movement and physical activity in response to prompts are also important components of Spanish classes. The 4-5 Spanish program marks a shift from primarily oral and aural activities to more reading, writing, and grammar skills. This additional focus lays a foundation for continuing the language program in Spanish, or starting Latin, French, Chinese, and other non-native language study.

The following are goals for the Lower School Spanish program. These goals are consistent with the standards articulated in the State of Maine Learning Results.

Spanish - Grades 2-3

The major goals for second through third grade students in Spanish are:

Person-to-Person Communication: ask and answer simple questions about self and family by using learned patterns in short sentences; express needs, likes, and dislikes relating to the immediate environment; greet others; and ask and respond to questions in social situations

Reading, Listening, and Viewing for Understanding: understand and respond to familiar commands, directions, and brief messages; understand the main ideas of illustrated stories, brief oral narratives and conversations, and videos and songs on familiar topics; use and react to gestures, intonations, and other visual or auditory clues; recognize the sounds and patterns of Spanish; recognize and understand words that are similar in sound, appearance, and meaning in Spanish and English (cognates)

Oral and Written Presentations: produce and present information on a specific topic (often reflecting current thematic studies, e.g., sea animals); using short written or spoken sentences; produce appropriate sounds and speech patterns

Workings of Language: develop proficiency with the phonology of Spanish; recognize that languages are interrelated and belong to language families; understand that there are phrases, idioms, and words that do not translate directly from one language to another; recognize and use the formal and informal forms of language in Spanish

Cultural Practices, Products, and Perspectives: identify and/or produce products such as foods, songs, and crafts of Spanish-speaking countries and recognize how these products reflect the culture from which they originate; participate in the cultural activities of Spanish-speaking countries

Cross-Cultural Connections and Comparisons: identify similarities and differences among the cultures of Spanish-speaking countries and their own in areas such as dress, daily activities, holidays, art, music, and food; demonstrate an understanding in Spanish of terms and concepts used in other subject areas; compare and contrast gestures and other nonverbal behavior across languages and cultures.

Spanish - Grades 4-5

The major goals for fourth through fifth grade students in Spanish are:

Person-to-Person Communication: ask and answer simple questions about self and family by using learned patterns in short sentences; express needs, likes, and dislikes relating to the immediate environment; greet others; and ask and respond to questions in social situations

Reading, Listening, and Viewing for Understanding: understand and respond to familiar commands, directions, and brief messages; understand the main ideas of illustrated stories, brief oral narratives and conversations, and videos and songs on familiar topics; use and react to gestures, intonations, and other visual or auditory clues; recognize the sounds and patterns of Spanish; recognize and understand words that are similar in sound, appearance, and meaning in Spanish and English (cognates)

Oral and Written Presentations: produce and present information on a specific topic (often reflecting current thematic studies, e.g., sea animals); using short written or spoken sentences; produce appropriate sounds and speech patterns

Workings of Language: develop proficiency with the phonology of Spanish; recognize that languages are interrelated and belong to language families; understand that there are phrases, idioms, and words that do not translate directly from one language to another; recognize and use the formal and informal forms of language in Spanish

Cultural Practices, Products, and Perspectives: identify and/or produce products such as foods, songs, and crafts of Spanish-speaking countries and recognize how these products reflect the culture from which they originate; participate in the cultural activities of Spanish-speaking countries

Cross-Cultural Connections and Comparisons: identify similarities and differences among the cultures of Spanish-speaking countries and their own in areas such as dress, daily activities, holidays, art, music, and food; demonstrate an understanding in Spanish of terms and concepts used in other subject areas; compare and contrast gestures and other nonverbal behavior across languages and cultures.

In addition, goals in Grades 4-5 include the following: produce simple stories about everyday events and activities by using illustrations, single words, short phrases, and sentences, both orally and in written form; understand the concepts of verb conjugation, gender, and noun/adjective agreement.
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